Economic Relations between Kazakhstan and Russia

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Mutual trade.

Interaction in oil and gas and power sphere.

Cooperating in sphere of transport and communications.

Cooperating in sphere of safety.

1.1 Mutual Trade.

The interests of both countries are answered with magnifying of mutual trade. Russian Federation traditionally occupies the first place among the basic trade partners of Kazakhstan both on export, and on import. Trade turn over in 2001 from Russian Federation has made 4 639,3 million of US dollars (Diagrama1,2).

It is necessary to mark, that last years the growth of a share of Russian Federation in import and reduction in export is watched. The specific gravity of Russia in total amount of the Kazakhstan export is sequentially reduced (from 44,5 % in 1994 up to 20,2 % in 2001) and is augmented in import (from 36,3 % per 1994 up to 45,4 % per 2001). Within several last years of Kazakhstan has negative trade balance with Russian Federation.

Basic trade partners, in import, 1994-2001 (%)

1994

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

Russian Federation

36,3

54,8

45,8

39,4

36,7

48,7

45,4

China

2

0,8

1,1

1,2

2,2

3

2,8

Poland

0,7

1

1

1,1

1,7

1,2

0,9

Uzbekistan

7,8

2,1

1,5

2,2

2,4

1,5

1,3

Kyrgystan

2,9

2,1

1,5

1,2

0,7

0.6

0,4

Tajikistan

0,5

0,4

0,1

0,1

0,1

0,1

0

The Diagrama1

Basic trade partners, in export, 1994-2001 (%)

1994

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

Russian Federation

44.5

42

35,2

29.6

19,8

19,5

20,2

China

4,6

7,8

6,8

7

8,5

7,3

7,1

Poland

1,7

0,4

0,4

0,8

1,4

0,8

1.5

Uzbekistan

4

3,4

2,3

2,2

1,2

1,5

1.4

Kyrgystan

1,9

1,9

1

1,2

1,1

0.6

1

Tajikistan

03

1

0.8

0.8

08

0.6

0,6

: 18/07/2008