Kazakhstan-Russian economic partnership belongs to the most advanced regions of two-sided ratios between two states, as for this purpose both countries have premises for rapprochement. It in many respects defines character, both mutual relation, and other economic links, folding in the European direction, of Kazakhstan.
On today there are favorable and unfavorable factors inherent in Kazakhstan on a path to economic cooperating to Russia.
Alongside with the favorable factors of a development of two-sided economic ratioes exist as well unfavorable or constraining moment. The overcoming of economic barriers by means of restoring cooperation links will allow introducing the operations in frameworks EAEU (Euro-Asian Economic Union).
2.2 The factors of economic interaction of Kazakhstan and Russia
a) Presence in Kazakhstan of large mineral operational lives.
b) Transit potential and favorable geopolitical position of Kazakhstan at the center of the Eurasian continent: on a crossroads of trade and transport paths from Europe in Asia: through China on Far East ports, Pacific Ocean of the state; through Iran and Turkey in the Mediterranean pool.
c) Determination of Kazakhstan and Russia as basic trade partners on export and import.
d) Retention of Kazakhstan in the majority large international architectures UN, Architecture of Economic Cooperating, Economic union Central Asian of the countries (together with Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan) and Central-Asian Bank of Cooperating and Development (CABCD); Great five Republic of Kazakhstan in frameworks of CIS (Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan).
e) The large region with the common boundary (more than 6.000 kms) with Russia, that has for two countries a serious value in matter of hardening of their national and collective safety.
f) The residing in republic of the large ethnic interlayer of the European origin (Russian, Ukraine, Germany) is one of the factors of rapprochement of Kazakhstan with the European civilization and culture.
a) A close arrangement of Kazakhstan to the inconsistent states Central Asian of region.
b) Support by Kazakhstan of multifactor policy in a ratio of transportation of the Caspian oil.
c) The boundaries Central Asian of the states from a point of view of international law properly not democratic of Republic of Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan has appeared as a matter of fact cut off from Western Europe
d) Increase of ecological crisis, that weakens its positions in region and world, narrows down opportunities of fast industrial growth.
e) Absence in Kazakhstan of a direct exit to World Ocean, exterior warm seas, that hampers links with the largest centers of a modern civilization.
f) Support by the countries of trade wars (introduction of limitation on import of the goods, policy of an ascertaining dumping in relation to the exported goods, raw interdependence of the countries etc.).
In the beginning 1990s. It seemed, that the revived democratic states within the framework of their new statuses would be and further dynamically to explicate the ratios, filling their contents, adequate to a new position. However it has not taken place and in basic for past years of two-way communications were characterized defined inertia.
As displays the analysis, the policy of Russia in a ratio of the states of Commonwealth for flowing out five years did not differ by a sequence.
There was a natural process of comprehension of key national-state interests attended by searching for new, as it seemed, more perspective partners.
Certainly, the today's level of economic integration does not answer necessities national economic of Republic of Kazakhstan and Russian Federation. Available on it is necessary to evaluate the today facts of economic interaction between two countries as insufficient and requiring in serious adjusting. The priority of a development of the Kazakhstan-Russian economic links is possible to support with existing numerous perspective directions of a development, it:
Trade-economic cooperating of Republic of Kazakhstan and Russian Federation;
Frontier cooperating Republic Of Kazakhstan and Russian Federation;
Development of industrial-cooperation links in machine-building and chemical complexes, by means of creation of share financial and industrial groups;
Cooperating and development fuel and energy of complexes of Russia and Kazakhstan;
Cooperating in sphere of transport;
Cooperating of Kazakhstan and Russia in mastering vehicle launching of Baikonur;
Cooperating in mastering natural riches of the Caspian sea;
Реферат опубликован: 18/07/2008