Топики для экзаменов в 9-11 классах

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Environmental protection.

The poisoning of the world's and,air, and water is the fastest-spreading disease of civilisation. It probably produces fewer headlines than wars, earthquakes and floods, but it is potentially one of history's greatest dangers to human life on earth. If present trends continue for the next several decades, our planet will become uninhabitable. Overpopulation, pollution and energy consumption have created such planet-wide problems as massive deforestation, ozone depletion, acid rains and the global warming that is believed to be coused by the greenhouse effect.

The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilisers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas.

Every ten minutes one kind of enimal, plant or insect dies out for ever. If nothing is done about it, one million species that are alive today will have become extinct twenty years from now. Air population is a very serious problem. In Cairo just breathing the air is life threatening- equivalent to smoking two packs of cigarettes a day. The same holds true for Mexico City and 600 cities of the former Soviet Union.

Industrial enterprises emit tons of harmful substunces. These emissions have disastrous consequences for our planet. They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains.

An even greater environmental threat are nuclear power stations. We all know how tragic the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are.

People are beginning to realise that environmenta problems are not somebody else's. They join and support various international organosation and green parties. If governments wake up to what is happening- perhaps we'll be able to avoid the disaster that threatens the natural world and all of us with it.

My visiting card.

My name is ANdrey Brysiev. I'm 14 years old. I likve in settlement of Razvilka. It is situated near Moscow, capital of Russia.I go to school in Razvilka. I go to the 9th form "Д". I have a rather big family - Father, Mother, sister and granddad and me.

My Father and mother work nearby my house, in Gas Institute. My father is Head of Laboratory. My mother is scientific worker. My is retired. He was a headmaster and a teacher of Geography. I have relatives all over European Russia: near St. Peterburg, near Volgograd, near Orenburg and more.

We live in medium flat now. My hobbies are: sports, computing ( especially playing games), music. My favorite music band is Mumiy Troll. My favorite kinds of sports are football, basketball, tennis and a lot more. My sign of the zodiac is Saggitarius. I am a bright represantative of this sign. As all saggitariuses I am very friendly, optimistic and very funny boy. Sometimes I laugh too much and have problems with discipline in school. I like animals and littile children because all are very stupid. I don't know who I'll be in the future, but it surely will be a job I like.

Holidays in Great Britain,

There are fewer public holidays in Great Britain than in other European countries. They are: Christmas Day, Boxing Day, New Year's Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday. May Day, Spring Bank Holiday and Summer Bank Holiday. Public holidays in Britain are called bank holidays, because the banks as well as most of the offices and shops are closed.

The most popular holiday is Christmas. Every year the people of Norways give the city of London a present. It's a big Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. Central streets are beutifuly decorated. There are lots of traditions and customs dedicated to the Christmas day.

Реферат опубликован: 9/02/2007