Lexicology of the English Language

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The splinter omat was formed by clipping the beginning of the word automat (a cafe in which meals are provided in slot-machines). The meaning self-service is used in such words as laundromat, cashomat etc.

Another splinter eteria with the meaning self-service was formed by clipping the beginning of the word cafeteria. By means of the splinter eteria the following words were formed: groceteria, booketeria, booteteria and many others.

The splinter quake is used to form new words with the meaning of shaking, agitation. This splinter was formed by clipping the beginning of the word earthquake. Ther following words were formed with the help of this splinter: Marsquake, Moonquake, youthquake etc.

The splinter rama(ama) is a clipping of the word panorama of Greek origin where pan means all and horama means view. In Modern English the meaning view was lost and the splinter rama is used in advertisements to denote objects of supreme quality, e.g. autorama means exhibition-sale of expensive cars, trouserama means sale of trousers of supreme quality etc.

The splinter scape is a clipping of the word landscape and it is used to form words denoting different types of landscapes, such as: moonscape, streetscape, townscape, seascape etc.

Another case of splinters is tel which is the result of clipping the beginning of the word hotel. It serves to form words denoting different types of hotels, such as: motel (motor-car hotel), boatel (boat hotel), floatel (a hotel on water, floating), airtel (airport hotel) etc.

The splinter theque is the result of clipping the beginning of the word apotheque of Greek origin which means in Greek a store house. In Russian words: , , the element corresponding to the English theque preserves the meaning of storing something which is expressed by the first component of the word. In English the splinter theque is used to denote a place for dancing, such as: discotheque, jazzotheque.

The splinter thon is the result of clipping the beginning of the word marathon. Marathon primarily was the name of a battle-field in Greece, forty miles from Athens, where there was a battle between the Greek and the Persian. When the Greek won a victory a Greek runner was sent to Athens to tell people about the victory. Later on the word Marathon was used to denote long-distance competitions in running. The splinter thon(athon) denotes something continuing for a long time, competition in endurance e.g. dancathon, telethon, speakathon, readathon, walkathon, moviethon, swimathon, talkathon, swearthon etc.

Splinters can be the result of clipping adjectives or substantivized adjectives. The splinter aholic (holic) was formed by clipping the beginning of the word alcoholic of Arabian origin where al denoted the, kohl - powder for staining lids. The splinter (a)holic means infatuated by the object expressed by the stem of the word , e.g. bookaholic, computerholic, coffeeholic, cheesaholic, workaholic and many others.

The splinter genic formed by clipping the beginning of the word photogenic denotes the notion suitable for something denoted by the stem, e.g. allergenic, cardiogenic, mediagenic, telegenic etc.

As far as verbs are concerned it is not typical of them to be clipped that is why there is only one splinter to be used for forming new verbs in this way. It is the splinter cast formed by clipping the beginning of the verb broadcast. This splinter was used to form the verbs telecast and abroadcast.

Splinters can be called pseudomorphemes because they are neither roots nor affixes, they are more or less artificial. In English there are words which consist of two splinters, e.g. telethon, therefore it is more logical to call words with splinters in their structure compound-shortened words consisting of two clippings of words.

: 21/06/2009